The virtue of listening in ancient Egypt*

  • Rania Y. Merzeban


Listening was considered one of the moral behavioral attitudes and important aspects of human relations and concepts of virtue in ancient Egypt. The virtue of listening was amply formulated in didactic literature (instructions and teachings) as well as in some tales and in autobiographies mentioning the good character traits. Subject of the study are textual examples illustrating the ‘praise’ of listening, advices to listen, positive consequences of good listening, negative consequences of not listening, consequences of both listening and/or not listening and expressing the attentiveness of the listener as a good character with the effects of acquiring good listening attitudes on attaining rectitude in listening and in speech.